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  • Course 2: The Past  Lesson Four /  Gwers Pedwar

    Croeso yn ôl i Groeseiriau  Cymraeg .

    This week we will be going over the  two  forms of the past tense that we have covered so far on the  course . Thus far we have covered  two  past tenses in Welsh:  yr amser gorffennol  (the past tense) and  yr amser amherffaith  ( the past imperfect or literally: the imperfect time). To recap:


    1. Yr Amser Gorffennol

    In Welsh as in English you can form the past tense by using an auxiliary verb - gwneud - to do.  This is the 'long form' of the past tense in Welsh.

    Gwneud  - To Do, To Make

    gwnes i                                                                I did
    gwnest ti  (familiar)                                           You did
    gwnaethoch chi  (formal, plural)                      You did
    gwnaeth e/hi                                                     He/She did
    gwnaethon ni                                                    We did
    gwnaethon nhw                                               They did

    e.g.    Gwnes i chwilio ar y we . - I searched on the web,  or  more correctly - I  did  search on the web.

    The 'g' at the beginning of the verb is also dropped in commonly spoken Welsh although it is not incorrect to pronounce it. Other formulations of the 'long form' past tense that you might encounter include:-  Fe wnes i  (southern dialect),  Mi wnes i  (northern dialect),  Gwnes i

    2. Yr Amser Amherffaith

    The past imperfect affirmative and abbreviated forms are listed below. There is more information on this page:-  The Past Tense And More

    Roeddwn i'n siarad                            I was talking

    Roeddet ti'n siarad  (familiar)            You were talking

    Roeddech chi'n siarad  (formal)        You were talking

    Roedd e/hi'n siarad                            He/She/It was talking

    Roedden ni'n siarad                           We were talking

    Roedden nhw'n siarad                       They were talking


    Ro'n i'n siarad                              I was talking

    Ro't ti'n siarad  (familiar)              You were talking

    Ro'ch chi'n siarad  (formal)          You were talking

    Roedd e/hi   siarad                          He/She was talking

    Ro'n ni'n siarad                              We were talking

    Ro'n nhw   'n siarad                         They were talking


    Take some time to ensure that you have fully mastered these  two  vital tenses.There are some translation exercises below and, of  course , the weekly crossword.

    Whatever you do....enjoy / mwynhewch.

    Practice Example 1

    Translate the following conversation into English:

    "Roedden ni'n mynd i'r llyfrgell pan wnaethon ni weld y ddamwain."
    "Wnaethoch chi ffonio'r heddlu?"
    "Do wnes i."
    "Wnaethon nhw gyrraedd yn gyflym? "
    "Do wnethon nhw."
    "Dwi'n hapus i glywed hynny."

    The solution can be found here:  Solutions


    4. Practice Example 2

    Translate the following conversation into Welsh:

    "I went to the station this morning.
    Have you been to Aberystwyth before?"
    "Yes I went there on holiday when i was a child.
    It rained all week." 

    The solution can be found here:  Solutions


    5.    How to use the crosswords & Croeseiriau Cymraeg


    And so to our weekly crossword. The theme is -  'Yr Amser Gorffennol (Revision)'

      • Click through the slides below and learn the words as you go.

      • Optional: If you want help with pronunciation or wish to check out other vocabulary entries on the wordcard, click the pic or text below to be taken to the appropriate Geiriadur listing page. 

    Be aware that you will encounter the past tense short form in a number of the sample sentences. We will be covering this tense next week.

    That's it for week four. We hope that you have enjoyed the fourth instalment of the  course  and that your knowledge of the Welsh language has improved. Next week we will be covering the past tense (long form) in Welsh.
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    * Don't worry if some of the sample sentences are at a more advanced level. Concentrate on the simpler ones unless of  course  you are feeling adventurous and want to read ahead.