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  • Course 3: The Future  Lesson One / Gwers Un


    Croeso yn ôl i Groeseiriau Cymraeg.
    The  course  schedule is as follows:-

    Week 1 - Bydda i - I will be

    Week 2 - Revision

    Week 3 - Wna i - I will do

    Week 4  - Revision

    Week 5 - Present / Future Short Form

    Week 6 - Revision

    Week 7 - Rhaid i mi - I must

    Week 8 - Revision

    Week 9 - Dylwn i - I should

    Week 10 - Revision


    In this third and final instalment of the course we will concentrate on the future tense ( yr amser dyfodol ) in Welsh. We will also be covering the use of modal verbs. There will also be short translation exercises throughout, in order to help develop confidence, and of  course , the crosswords to help develop your vocabulary.
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    1 The Future - Bydda


    Bydda i
    is a form of bod - “I will be”

    Wna i is a form of gwneud - “I will do”

    Both are used to talk about actions in the future. Wna i is more commonly used to indicate an action or intention that will be carried out at a a specific time.

    e.g. Wna i deithio i Caerdydd yfory. = I will be travelling to Cardiff tomorrow.

    Bydda i is more commonly used to reference actions which will be ongoing or continuous at some point in the future.

    e.g. Bydda i'n aros yn y gwesty ar y pryd. = I'll be staying at the hotel at the time.

    In this lesson we will concentrate on the 'bydda' form of the future tense.
    ...

    2. Affirmative


    bydda i’n                          
    i will be

    byddi di’n                          you will be (familiar)
    byddwch chi’n                  you will be (formal and plural)
    bydd e’n                            he will be 
    bydd hi’n                           she will be
    byddwn ni’n                      we will be
    byddan nhw’n                  they will be

    Here are some examples. If there are is any vocabulary you need to look up go here:  Geiriadur . You will find the answers at the bottom of the page.

    Bydda i'n astudio Cymraeg yn y brifysgol. = I'll be studying Welsh at university.
    Byddan nhw'n gweithio ar y broblem. = They will work on the problem.
    He'll buy the beer. = Bydd e'n prynu'r cwrw.  

    ...

    3. Negative


    fydda i ddim
    yn                         i will not be
    fyddi di ddim yn                        you will not be (familiar)
    fyddwch chi ddim yn                you will not be (formal and plural)
    fydd e ddim yn                          he will not be
    fydd hi ddim yn                         she will not be
    fyddwn ni ddim yn                    we will not be
    fyddan nhw ddim yn                 they will not be  

    Here are some examples. If there are is any vocabulary you need to look up go here:  Geiriadur . You will find the answers at the bottom of the page. . ...

    Bydda i ddim yn gwylio'r teledu. = I won't watch TV.
    Fydd hi ddim yn cyrraedd unrhyw amser yn fuan. = She won't be arriving any time soon.
    They won't buy the book. = Fyddan nhw ddim yn prynu'r llyfr.

    .

    4. Questions


    fydda i’n?
                       will I
    fyddi di’n?                   will you 
    fyddwch chi’n?           will you
    fydd e’n?                     will he
    fydd hi’n?                    will she
    fyddwn ni’n?               will we
    fyddan nhw’n?            will they

    Here are some examples. If there are is any vocabulary you need to look up go here:  Geiriadur . You will find the answers at the bottom of the page. . ..

    Fydda i'n lwcus heddiw? = Will I be lucky today?
    Fydd hi'n (g)wneud cacennau Cymreig? = Will she make Welsh cakes?
    Will they join us? = Fyddan nhw'n ymuno â ni?.

    ...

    5. Answers

    ..

    To answer:

    na fyddaf         no, I won’t
    byddaf             yes, I will
    na fyddwn       no we won’t
    byddwn           yes we will

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    6. Translation Exercise

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    The first in our weekly series of translation exercises. If there are is any vocabulary you need to look up go here: Geiriadur . You will find the answer at the bottom of the page.

    "Will you be going to the library later?"
    "No, but I'll be going shopping."
    "Will you remember the beer?"
    "I will."

    ..

    7.    How to use the crosswords & Croeseiriau Cymraeg 


    And so to our weekly crossword. The theme is -  'Yr Amser Dyfodol'

      • Click through the slides below and learn the words as you go.

      • Optional: If you want help with pronunciation or wish to check out other vocabulary entries on the wordcard, click the pic or text below to be taken to the appropriate Geiriadur listing page. 


    That's it for week one. We hope that you have enjoyed this instalment of the course  and that your knowledge of the Welsh language has improved.  

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    Practice Sentences: Answers

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    Bydda i'n astudio Cymraeg yn y brifysgol.
    = I'll be studying Welsh at university.
    Byddan nhw'n gweithio ar y broblem. = They will work on the problem.
    He'll buy the beer. = Bydd e'n prynu'r cwrw.  

    Bydda i ddim yn gwylio'r teledu. = I won't watch TV.
    Fydd hi ddim yn cyrraedd unrhyw amser yn fuan. = She won't be arriving any time soon.
    They won't buy the book. = Fyddan nhw ddim yn prynu'r llyfr.

    Fydda i'n lwcus heddiw? = Will I be lucky today?
    Fydd hi'n (g)wneud cacennau Cymreig? = Will she make Welsh cakes?
    Will they join us? = Fyddan nhw'n ymuno â ni?.

    "Fyddwch chi'n mynd i'r llyfrgell yn nes ymlaen?"
    "Na, ond bydda i'n mynd i siopa."
    "Fyddwch chi'n cofio'r cwrw?"
    "Byddaf."

    .