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  • Course 1:  Absolute Beginners   Lesson 9 / Gwers Naw

    This week we will be looking at some more question forms in Welsh. Also there are two crosswords to help build your vocabulary and the usual short translation exercises..

    Croeso yn ôl i groeseiriau Cymreig / Welcome back to Welsh Crosswords. In this lesson we will cover the following topics:-

    1.  Oes - Is there? Are there?

    2.  Pryd mae? - When is....?

    3.  Ble mae - Where is ....?

    4.  Translation Exercises

    5.  How to use the crosswords & Croeseiriau Cymraeg 8

    Enjoy / Mwynhewch.

    Oes? - Is there? Are there?


    Oes  means ' is there  or  are there ' in Welsh. The positive and negative responses are:

    Yes =  Oes

    No =  Na  or  Nac oes

    To answer ' there isn't  or  there aren't ' we would say  does dim .

    Here are some practice examples:

    Oes cwrw yn yr oergell? -  Is there beer in the fridge?

    Oes.  = Yes.

    Na / Nac oes.  = No.

    Na, does dim.  = No there isn't.

    To reveal the answers below highlight the line after the equals sign.

    Oes llyfrgell yn y dref?  =  Is there a library in the town?

    Na, does dim.  =  No, there isn't.

    Is there a train in the station? =  Oes trên yn yr orsaf?

    Yes. =  Oes

    Pryd mae? - When is....?

    It is always useful to be able to ask when things are happening. To ask ' When is ....?" in Welsh we would say ' Pryd mae .....?"

    Here are some practice examples:

    Pryd mae'r blaid?  = When is the party?

    Mae'r parti heddiw.  = The party is today.

    To reveal the answers below highlight the line after the equals sign.

    Pryd mae'r cyngerdd yn mynd i ddechrau?  =  When is the concert going to start?

    Nawr mewn munud.  =  Now in a minute.

    When is the bus going to arrive? =  Pryd mae'r bws yn mynd i gyrraedd?

    Tomorrow. =  Yfory.

    3.  Ble mae - Where is ....?

    Similarly it is essential to be able to ask where things are. To ask ' Where is ....?" in Welsh we would say ' Ble mae .....?"

    Here are some practice examples:

    Ble mae'r dafarn?  = Where is the pub?

    Ar y briffordd.  = On the main road.

    To reveal the answers below highlight the line after the equals sign.

    Ble mae'r llyfrgell genedlaethol?  =  Where is the national library?

    Yn Aberystwyth.  =  In Aberystwyth.

    Where is Maentwrog? =  Ble mae Maentwrog?

    That way. =  Y ffordd yna.

    4.  Translation Exercises

    And so to our fourth weekly translation exercise. You will find two short conversations below.  You should be familiar with all the necessary grammar and if you need to look up some of the vocabulary go here: -  Croeseiriau Cymraeg  and type your query in the search box. Search is located in the right hand column just below the ad for this course. Remember that some words may be mutated so that their first letter is dropped or altered. This can be problematic for  beginners . If you cant find the Welsh try searching the English word if you know it. 

    Welsh to English

    Ydych chi'n mynd â'r ci am dro heddiw?
    Nac ydw, mae'n bwrw glaw.
    Dydy'r ci ddim yn poeni.
    Na ond dwi'n poeni.
    Ydych chi'n ofni traed gwlychu'ch?

    English to Welsh

    Where is the cat?
    She is in the garden hunting birds.
    I don't want her to do that.
    I'm going to get her.
    Quickly ... before she kills everything.

    You will find the solutions here:  Solutions

    5. How to use the crosswords & Croeseiriau Cymraeg 9 / 10

    And so to our weekly crosswords (two this week). The themes are -  'Anifeiliaid - Animals' and 'Yn Yr Ystafell Ddosbarth - In The Classroom'

      • Click through the slides below and learn the words as you go.

      • Optional: If you want help with pronunciation or wish to check out other vocabulary entries on the wordcard, click the pic or text below to be taken to the appropriate Geiriadur listing page. 

    Gwers Naw Croesair Un ( 2.3 Anifeiliaid - Animals )

    Gwers Naw Croesair Dau ( 2.4 Yn Yr Ystafell Ddosbarth - In The Classroom )

    That's it for week nine. We hope that you have enjoyed this instalment of the course and that your knowledge of the Welsh language has improved. 
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    * Don't worry if some of the sample sentences are at a more advanced level. Concentrate on the simpler ones unless of course you are feeling adventurous and want to read ahead.