Croeseiriau Cymraeg Part 4.3 (Crossword 4.4) - Dylwn i - I should
N.B. In this section we discuss the modal verbs - should, would and could. A modal verb is an auxiliary or helper verb that expresses possibility or necessity. In the English language modal verbs include must , shall , will , should , would , can , could , may , and might . We also cover the conditional form of the Welsh verb 'hoffi' ( hoffwn ) which means 'would like'. Whilst these are not strictly future tense forms they all refer to actions which could , should or would happen in the future under certain conditions, so it seemed sensible to cover them here. Welsh 'verbs' gallwn - could , byddwn - would and hoffwn - would like , all employ similar endings to dylwn .
DYLWN I - I SHOULD
Dylwn i is not followed by “yn + verb noun” but only the verb noun. It also causes a mutation in the verb that follows (see examples below).
To say 'I should have', 'you should have' etc put fod wedi after dylwn . The following verb does not mutate. See full forms below.
dylwn i i should/ i ought to
dylet ti (familiar) you should/ you ought to
dylai fe he should/ he ought to
dylai hi she should/ she ought to
dylen ni we should/ we ought to
dylech chi (plural,formal) you should/ you ought to
dylen nhw they should/ they ought to
ddylwn i ddim i shouldn’t
ddylet ti ddim (familiar) you shouldn’t
ddylai fe ddim he shouldn't
ddylai hi ddim she shouldn’t
ddylen ni ddim we shouldn’t
ddylech chi ddim (plural,formal) you shouldn’t
ddylen nhw ddim they shouldn’t
ddylwn i? should I?
ddylet ti? (familiar) should you?
ddylai fe? should he?
ddylai hi? should she?
ddylen ni? should we?
ddylech chi? (plural,formal) should you?
ddylen nhw? should they?
Dylet/na ddylet, Dylech/Na ddylech
Dylech/Na ddylech, Dylen/Na ddylen
Dylwn/na ddylwn, Dylen/Na ddylen
dylwn i fod wedi i should have
dylet ti fod wedi you (familiar) should have
dylai hi fod wedi she should have
dylai e/o/fe fod wedi he should have
dylen ni fod wedi we should have
dylech chi fod wedi you (formal & plural) should have
dylen nhw fod wedi they should have