Croeseiriau Cymraeg - 4.4 Present / Future Short Form
Hitherto we have been used to forming the present tense with the auxiliary verb bod (to be). e.g. dwi'n canu - I sing / I am singing
BUT Welsh verbs do have a present tense short form which is usually employed with a future meaning. e.g. cana i - I will sing (equivalent in meaning to bydda i'n canu - I will sing)
The short form is more commonly heard in the south Walian dialect. It should also be noted that the short forms are not often used in conversation but are more common in literature.
The negative form causes either an aspirate or soft mutation whilst the interrogative form causes a soft mutation. There are irregular verbs and the more important ones are listed at the bottom of this section.AFFIRMATIVE
cana i I will sing
cani di you (familiar) will sing
canith / caniff e/o/hi he / she / it will sing
canwn ni we will sing
canwch chi you (formal / plural ) will sing
canan nhw they will singNEGATIVE
chana i ddim I will not sing
chani di ddim you (familiar) will not sing
chanith / chaniff e/o/hi ddim he / she / it will not sing
chanwn ni ddim we will not sing
chanwch chi ddim you (formal / plural ) will not sing
chanan nhw ddim they will not singQUESTIONS
gana i? will I sing?
gani di? will you (familiar) sing?
ganith / caniff e/o/hi? will he / she / it sing?
ganwn ni? will we sing?
ganwch chi? will you (formal / plural ) sing?
ganan nhw? will they sing?
IRREGULAR VERBS: GWNEUD
gwna(f) i I will
gwnei di You will (familiar)
gwnaiff e/hi He/She will
gwnawn ni We will
gnewch chi You (formal & plural) will
gwnân nhw They will
Gwneud means 'will' when used periphrastically i.e. with other verbs. e.g. The initial 'g' is frequently dropped in everyday speech.
Gnawn ni wrando . - We will listen.
IRREGULAR VERBS: DOD
do(f) i I will come
doi di You will (familiar) come
daw e/hi He/She will come
down ni We will come
dowch chi You (formal & plural) will come
dôn nhw They will come
Down ni os dowch chi. - We will come if you (will) come.
IRREGULAR VERBS: MYND
Awn ni i'r caffi i lawr y stryd - We will go to the cafe down the street.
IRREGULAR VERBS: CAEL
ca(f) i I will have/get
cei di You will (familiar) have/get
caiff e/hi He/She will have/get
cawn ni We will have/get
cewch chi You (formal & plural) will have/get
cân nhw They will have/get
Cawn ni bysgod a sglodion - We will have fish and chips