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Ansoddeiriau Cymraeg - Welsh Adjectives FAQ

  • Do adjectives always follow the noun in Welsh?


    Adjectives always come after the noun in Welsh. There are few exceptions. Here are some of the most important ones:-
    ...

    hen - old                                           Dwi'n siarad yr hen iaith ( I speak the old language )

    hoff - favourite                                 Dwi'n yfed fy hoff cwrw ( I am drinking my favourite beer )

    prif - chief / main                             Dwi'n mynd i'r brif ynys ( I am going to the main island )


    How to form the Equative , Comparative and Superlative?


    How do we construct the equative, comparative and superlative forms of Welsh adjectives?

    Adjectives with one or two syllables take the endings listed below:

    trwm - heavy
    cyn trymed â - as heavy as
    trymach - heavier
    trymaf - heaviest

    Adjectives with two or more syllables use 'mor' , 'mwy' and 'mwyaf'. See below:

    hanesyddol - historical , historic
    mor hanesyddol â - as historic/al as
    mwy hanesyddol - more historic/al
    mwyaf hanesyddol - most historic/al

    Adjectives which have exactly two syllables can take either form.

    There are irregular adjectives. The forms they take are listed on the individual Geiriadur vocabulary pages.


    How do we form adverbs from adjectives in Welsh?


    English adds a suffix 'ly' to the adjective in order to form the adverb. In Welsh we simply add 'yn' before the verb. See examples below:

    hawdd - easy                                  yn hawdd - easily
    anffodus - unfortunate                    yn anffodus - unfortunately

    It should be borne in mind that some words are adverbs by definition e.g.

    yfory - tomorrow , nawr - now , yna - then

    ...

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