Ansoddeiriau Cymraeg - Welsh Adjectives FAQ
Do adjectives always follow the noun in Welsh?
Adjectives always come after the noun in Welsh. There are few exceptions. Here are some of the most important ones:- ...
How do we form the Equative , Comparative and Superlative?
How do we construct the equative, comparative and superlative forms of Welsh adjectives?
Adjectives with one or two syllables take the endings listed below:
trwm - heavy
cyn trymed â - as heavy as
trymach - heavier
trymaf - heaviest
Adjectives with two or more syllables use 'mor' , 'mwy' and 'mwyaf'. See below:
hanesyddol - historical , historic
mor hanesyddol â - as historic/al as
mwy hanesyddol - more historic/al
mwyaf hanesyddol - most historic/al
Adjectives which have exactly two syllables can take either form.
There are irregular adjectives. The forms they take are listed on the individual Geiriadur vocabulary pages.
How do we use possessive adjectives in Welsh?
Possessive adjectives are linked below . Click on the links for more details.
fy - my
dy - your (singular)
ei - his
ei - her
ein - our
eich - your (plural)
eu - their
How do we form adverbs from adjectives in Welsh?
English adds a suffix 'ly' to the adjective in order to form the adverb. In Welsh we simply add 'yn' before the adjective. See examples below:
It should be borne in mind that some words are adverbs by definition e.g.
What are the demonstrative adjectives in Welsh?kkl
In spoken Welsh if we want to say 'this chair' we would say - y gadair 'ma - or (literally) 'the chair here'. There is no need to distinguish between this, that or these and those. This construction works equally well for all four:-y gadair 'ma - this chairy gadair 'ma - that chairy gadeiriau 'ma - these chairsy gadeiriau 'ma - those chairs
In formal and written Welsh, however, proper demonstrative adjectives are employed. They are as follows:-
m hwn hwnnw
f hon honno
m/f hyn hynnyWhen used without a noun i.e. when used to denote an abstract or non-tangible object these words are demonstrative pronouns .
What are adjective modifiers in Welsh?
Mae'r bws yn rhy araf i mi. - The bus is too slow for me.
Mae'r ystafell yn ddigon cynnes. - The room is not warm enough.
Mae hwn yn lle arbennig iawn. - This is a very special place.
Note that iawn comes after the adjective whilst the other modifiers come before it.
Under what circumstances do adjectives mutate?pppAdjectives always require soft mutation when following a feminine singular noun. Masculine nouns and feminine plural nouns do not cause mutation e.g.vvcadair - chair (f) cadair fawr - big chair cadeiriau mawr - big chairsadeilad - building (m) adeilad mawr - big building adeiladau mawr - big buildings