This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.

If you are ready to commit to a full time course we recommend the following options:

AmeriCymraeg This is an online course with tutor John Good, which is offered in two-month terms. Go here for more information and to register: AmeriCymraeg

SSIW Want to learn quickly? Then you might want to check out the SSIW High Intensity Language Program here: SSIW

Online Welsh language course





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Dy - Your

  • dy - your (singular, familiar)

    sample sentence:

    Wyt ti'n hela dy ' sglyfaeth (di)?

    Are you hunting your prey?

    Image: Wyt ti'n hela....?

    Possessive Adjectives

    fy, '(y)n....(i) - my     

    dy....(di) - your (singular)

    ei....(e/o/fe) - his

    ei....(hi) - her

    ein....(ni) - our

    eich....(chi) - your (plural)

    eu....(nhw) - their

    You will frequently come across this construction in both the written and spoken languages. The appropriate personal pronoun is added after the noun in order to reinforce or underline the person of the possessor. The addition of the pronoun is not. however, mandatory and the above example sentence works equally well without it. 

    The best likely explanation of the origin of this practice can be found in Gareth King's Modern Welsh: A Comprehensive Grammar

    ' The practice of 'echoing' the pronoun of the possessor after the thing possessed is widespread and may have arisen from the fact that ei (his or her) and eu (their) sound the same.'

    Clearly this could lead to some confusion since you would not be able to tell his , her and their apart, unless, as in some cases the following noun is subject to mutation.