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Pe - If
pe - if ( conjunctions / cysyllteiriau )
sample sentence: Byddwn i'n hwylio i ffwrdd nawr pe gallwn . - I would sail away now if I could.
Image: ...hwylio i ffwrdd
Note: Os or Pe?
Os is used when there is no doubt that something will occur e.g. Os yw'r trên yn hwyr, bydden ni'n colli'r ffilm. - If the train is late, we would miss the film.
Pe is used when there is a doubt or when an occurrence is improbable e.g. Pe byddwn i'n ennill y loteri, byddwn i'n prynu car newydd. - If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car.
Conjunctions are linking words e.g. and , but , because , or. They are used to connect clauses or sentences to form more complex sentences. e.g. 'I want to go out tomorrow but it is going to rain all day.' Many Welsh conjunctions take a particular construction ( ' i' or ' bod' ) to link them with what follows in the sentence.
Pe takes neither the 'i' or 'bod' constructions.
see: How do conjunctions work in Welsh? for more details.