This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.

If you are ready to commit to a full time course we recommend the following options:

AmeriCymraeg This is an online course with tutor John Good, which is offered in two-month terms. Go here for more information and to register: AmeriCymraeg

SSIW Want to learn quickly? Then you might want to check out the SSIW High Intensity Language Program here: SSIW

Online Welsh language course





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Daearyddiaeth - Geography


  • daearyddiaeth  - geography n.f.

    sample sentence: Dwi'n hoffi daearyddiaeth ond dwi ddim yn deall mapiau - I like geography but i dont understand maps

    Image: Daearyddiaeth

    (Image by Doctor Eric Dacton [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons)

  • Conjunctions

    From the Wikipedia - Conjunctions "In grammar, a conjunction (abbreviated CONJ or CNJ) is a part of speech that connects words, phrases, or clauses...."

    e.g. Dwi'n hoffi daearyddiaeth ond dwi ddim yn deall mapiau

    In the above sample sentence we have used the conjunction 'ond' (but) to join the two short sentences:-

    Dwi'n hoffi daearyddiaeth.

    Dwi ddim yn deall mapiau.

    Suggested Exercise

    You may, by this point, be tired of forming simple Welsh sentences with only a single clause. Why not take a look at some of the other sample sentences on the noun pages of the 'Geiriadur' and see if you can form more complex sentences by using conjunctions? e.g.

    Dwi'n hoffi pysgod a sglodion ond dwi ddim yn hoffi selsig.

    (I like fish and chips but I don't like sausages.)

      Dw i'n mynd i Gaerffili yfory   ond   dwi ddim yn mynd i Gaerdydd

    (I'm going to Caerphilly tomorrow but I'm not going to Cardiff)

    Below is a partial list of Welsh conjunctions.

    a - and
    ac - and ('ac' is used before a vowel)
    â - with, by means of
    achos - because
    hyd oni - until
    mai - that
    megis - as, like, such as
    na - not / don't
    nes - until
    neu - or
    oherwydd - because (formal)
    ond - but
    oni - unless / until
    os - if
    pan - when / while
    pe - if
    taw - that
    tra - quite, entirely, very (formal)
    wrth - by