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Croeseiriau Cymraeg Part 4.1 (Crosswords 4.1-4.2) - Grammar - The Future Tense - Yr Amser Dyfodol

  • The Future Tense - Yr Amser Dyfodol


    This tense enables us to express what will happen in the future. For example, 'Bydda i'n chwarae' translates as 'I will play'. In the sample sentences below there are links to vocabulary pages many of which include soundfiles to assist with pronunciation.

    To form the perfect tense - 'I will have , you will have' etc we simply substitute 'wedi' for 'yn'. This does not cause the verb to mutate. Examples:

    Bydda i wedi gorffen erbyn y prynhawn yma . - I will have/be finished by this afternoon.

    Byddan nhw wedi sylweddoli eu camgymeriadau . - They will have realized their mistakes.


    AFFIRMATIVE

    bydda i’n                           i will be
    byddi di’n                          you will be (familiar)
    byddwch chi’n                  you will be (formal and plural)
    bydd e’n                            he will be 
    bydd hi’n                           she will be
    byddwn ni’n                      we will be
    byddan nhw’n                  they will be ...

    The particle 'yn' is used to connect Verb-Nouns. 'Yn' contracts to 'n following a vowel. Here are some examples:- ...

    Bydda i'n chwarae rygbi yfory . - I will be playing rugby tomorrow.

    Byddan nhw'n aros yn y dafarn . - They will stay in the pub.

    Byddwn ni'n ymweld y castell yn y bore . - We will be visiting the castle in the morning.
    ...

    NEGATIVE

    fydda i ddim yn                         i will not be
    fyddi di ddim yn                        you will not be (familiar)
    fyddwch chi ddim yn                you will not be (formal and plural)
    fydd e ddim yn                          he will not be
    fydd hi ddim yn                         she will not be
    fyddwn ni ddim yn                    we will not be
    fyddan nhw ddim yn                 they will not be  
    ...

    e.g.   Fyddwch chi ddim yn hapus gyda 'r amserlen . - You will not be happy with the schedule.
    ...

    QUESTIONS

    fydda i’n?                    will I
    fyddi di’n?                   will you 
    fyddwch chi’n?           will you
    fydd e’n?                     will he
    fydd hi’n?                    will she
    fyddwn ni’n?               will we
    fyddan nhw’n?            will they
    ..

    e.g.    Fyddwn ni'n cerdded yfory ? - Will we be walking tomorrow?
    ..

    ANSWERS

    To answer:

    na fyddaf         no, I won’t
    byddaf             yes, I will
    na fyddwn       no we won’t
    byddwn           yes we will

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