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croeseiriau cymraeg.jpg

Perfformio - To Perform

  • Croeseiriau Cymraeg: click here

  • perfformio - to perform

    sample sentence: Perfformion ni'r Mikado neithiwr yn Amwythig. Roedd yn boblogaidd iawn. - We performed the Mikado last night in Shrewsbury. It was very popular.

    Image: Mikado


    mutant.jpgIn the sample sentence above on this page you will observe that the spelling of one word ( boblogaidd ) differs from the spelling on the relevant Geiriadur listing page ( Poblogaidd - Popular ). Be not alarmed!

    This happens because:-

    "Welsh, as with all other Celtic languages, often sees changes made to the beginning of words depending on the word that precedes it, or the role it plays in the sentence. These changes are known as "mutations", of which Welsh has three distinct types. Common situations in which a mutation may occur are when a word follows a preposition, possessive, or number."

    The three types of mutation are:-

    Soft Mutation

    Nasal Mutation

    Aspirate Mutation

    The three links above will take you to further information on Wikipedia about these commonly occurring mutations.

    Most Welsh courses and teachers advise students not to worry too much about this at the outset. Fluent speakers will understand you if you forget to mutate a letter. With practice this will come naturally and there is perhaps, no need for beginning learners to make a conscious effort to apply these rules.

    However, if you wish to acquaint yourself with the rules early on you could look out for the 'Mutant Alert' notice on the vocabulary pages and use these as an opportunity to refresh your knowledge by checking the above links.

    Spot the Mutation: The mutation above is an example of a ........... mutation?



    Dwi'n perfformio - I am performing

    Wyt ti'n perfformio - You are performing (familiar)

    Mae e'n perfformio / Mae hi'n perfformio - He / She is performing

    Dyn ni'n perfformio - We are performing

    Dych chi'n perfformio - You (plural) are performing (also singular formal)

    Maen nhw'n perfformio - They are performing




    Dwi ddim yn perfformio - I am not performing

    Dwyt ti ddim yn perfformio - You are not performing (familiar)

    Dydy e ddim yn perfformio / Dydy hi ddim yn perfformio - He / She is not performing

    Dyn ni ddim yn perfformio - We are not performing

    Dych chi ddim yn perfformio - You (plural) are not performing (also singular formal)

    Dyn nhw ddim yn perfformio - They are not performing




    Ydw i'n perfformio? - Am I performing?

    Wyt ti'n perfformio? - Are you performing? (familiar)

    Ydy e'n perfformio / Ydy hi'n perfformio? - Is he / Is she performing?

    Ydyn ni'n perfformio? - Are we performing?

    Ydych chi'n perfformio? - Are you (plural) performing? (also singular formal)

    Ydyn nhw'n perfformio? - Are they performing?




    Ydw i'n perfformio? - (Nac) Wyt / (Ydych - formal)

    Wyt ti'n perfformio? - (Nac) Ydw

    Ydy e'n perfformio / Ydy hi'n perfformio? - (Nac) Ydy

    Ydyn ni'n perfformio? - (Nac) Ydyn / Ydych

    Ydych chi'n perfformio? - (Nac) Ydyn / (Ydw - formal)

    Ydyn nhw'n perfformio? - (Nac) Ydyn


    N.B. 'Wyt ti' is the familiar form of the 2nd person and should be used only when addressing close friends, family members and animals. 'Dych chi' is the polite form and should be used in all other instances.

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