Croeseiriau Cymraeg Welsh language email course. Click here for more details and to register

This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.

If you are ready to commit to a full time course we recommend the following options:

AmeriCymraeg This is an online course with tutor John Good, which is offered in two-month terms. Go here for more information and to register: AmeriCymraeg

SSIW Want to learn quickly? Then you might want to check out the SSIW High Intensity Language Program here: SSIW

Online Welsh language course


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Y Fannod - The Article


  • Welsh does not use the indefinite article (a/an) but there are three forms of the definite article (the) - y , yr and 'r . The rules governing their use are presented below.


    (1)   y is used before consonants. *

    y drws - the door
    y ferch - the girl

    (2)   yr is used before vowels (including 'w' and 'y') and before h .

    yr ystafell - the room
    yr afon - the river
    yr hosan - the sock

    (3)   ’r is used after a word ending in a vowel - it does not matter if the word after it starts with a vowel or a consonant.

    Mae’r bechgyn - The boys are
    Mae’r afon - The river is


    * Note on Soft Mutation - "Using the definite article y ( yr before a vowel) causes a feminine noun to undergo a soft mutation (except if it begins with ll- or rh- )."

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