Cynhyrchu - produce, manufacture, generate
In the sample sentence above on this page you will observe that the spelling of two words ( wynt, dda ) differ from the spelling on the relevant Geiriadur listing page ( Gwynt - Wind, Smell, Flatulence , Da - Good ) Be not alarmed!
This happens because:-
"Welsh, as with all other Celtic languages, often sees changes made to the beginning of words depending on the word that precedes it, or the role it plays in the sentence. These changes are known as "mutations", of which Welsh has three distinct types. Common situations in which a mutation may occur are when a word follows a preposition, possessive, or number."
The three types of mutation are:-
The three links above will take you to further information about these commonly occurring mutations.
Most Welsh courses and teachers advise students not to worry too much about this at the outset. Fluent speakers will understand you if you forget to mutate a letter. With practice this will come naturally and there is perhaps, no need for beginning learners to make a conscious effort to apply these rules.
However, if you wish to acquaint yourself with the rules early on you could look out for the 'Mutant Alert' notice on the vocabulary pages and use these as an opportunity to refresh your knowledge by checking the above links.
Spot the Mutation: The mutation above is an example of a ........... mutation?
PRESENT TENSE - AFFIRMATIVE
Dwi'n cynhyrchu - I am producing
Wyt ti'n cynhyrchu - You are producing (familiar)
Mae e'n cynhyrchu / Mae hi'n cynhyrchu - He / She is producing
Dyn ni'n cynhyrchu - We are producing
Dych chi'n cynhyrchu - You (plural) are producing (also singular formal)
Maen nhw'n cynhyrchu - They are producing
PRESENT TENSE - NEGATIVE
Dwi ddim yn cynhyrchu - I am not producing
Dwyt ti ddim yn cynhyrchu - You are not producing (familiar)
Dydy e ddim yn cynhyrchu / Dydy hi ddim yn cynhyrchu - He / She is not producing
Dyn ni ddim yn cynhyrchu - We are not producing
Dych chi ddim yn cynhyrchu - You (plural) are not producing (also singular formal)
Dyn nhw ddim yn cynhyrchu - They are not producing
PRESENT TENSE - INTERROGATIVE
Ydw i'n cynhyrchu? - Am I producing?
Wyt ti'n cynhyrchu? - Are you producing? (familiar)
Ydy e'n cynhyrchu / Ydy hi'n cynhyrchu? - Is he / Is she producing?
Ydyn ni'n cynhyrchu? - Are we producing?
Ydych chi'n cynhyrchu? - Are you (plural) producing? (also singular formal)
Ydyn nhw'n cynhyrchu? - Are they producing?
QUESTION - ’NO / YES’ REPLIES
Ydw i'n cynhyrchu? - (Nac) Wyt / (Ydych - formal)
Wyt ti'n cynhyrchu? - (Nac) Ydw
Ydy e'n cynhyrchu / Ydy hi'n cynhyrchu? - (Nac) Ydy
Ydyn ni'n cynhyrchu? - (Nac) Ydyn / Ydych
Ydych chi'n cynhyrchu? - (Nac) Ydyn / (Ydw - formal)
Ydyn nhw'n cynhyrchu? - (Nac) Ydyn
N.B. 'Wyt ti' is the familiar form of the 2nd person and should be used only when addressing close friends, family members and animals. 'Dych chi' is the polite form and should be used in all other instances.