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Eistedd - To Sit


  • eistedd - to sit

    sample sentence: Eisteddon nhw lawr a gorffwys ar y garreg. - They sat down and rested on the stone.

    Image: Eisteddon nhw


    mutant.jpgIn the sample sentence above on this page you will observe that the spelling of one word ( garreg ) differs from the spelling on the relevant Geiriadur listing page ( Carreg - Stone ). Be not alarmed!

    This happens because:-

    "Welsh, as with all other Celtic languages, often sees changes made to the beginning of words depending on the word that precedes it, or the role it plays in the sentence. These changes are known as "mutations", of which Welsh has three distinct types. Common situations in which a mutation may occur are when a word follows a preposition, possessive, or number."

    The three types of mutation are:-

    Soft Mutation

    Nasal Mutation

    Aspirate Mutation

    The three links above will take you to further information on Wikipedia about these commonly occurring mutations.

    Most Welsh courses and teachers advise students not to worry too much about this at the outset. Fluent speakers will understand you if you forget to mutate a letter. With practice this will come naturally and there is perhaps, no need for beginning learners to make a conscious effort to apply these rules.

    However, if you wish to acquaint yourself with the rules early on you could look out for the 'Mutant Alert' notice on the vocabulary pages and use these as an opportunity to refresh your knowledge by checking the above links.

    Spot the Mutation: The mutation above is an example of a ........... mutation?



    Dwi'n eistedd - I am sitting

    Wyt ti'n eistedd - You are sitting (familiar)

    Mae e'n eistedd / Mae hi'n eistedd - He / She is sitting

    Dyn ni'n eistedd - We are sitting

    Dych chi'n eistedd - You (plural) are sitting (also singular formal)

    Maen nhw'n eistedd - They are sitting




    Dwi ddim yn eistedd - I am not sitting

    Dwyt ti ddim yn eistedd - You are not sitting (familiar)

    Dydy e ddim yn eistedd / Dydy hi ddim yn eistedd - He / She is not sitting

    Dyn ni ddim yn eistedd - We are not sitting

    Dych chi ddim yn eistedd - You (plural) are not sitting (also singular formal)

    Dyn nhw ddim yn eistedd - They are not sitting




    Ydw i'n eistedd? - Am I sitting?

    Wyt ti'n eistedd? - Are you sitting? (familiar)

    Ydy e'n eistedd / Ydy hi'n eistedd? - Is he / Is she sitting?

    Ydyn ni'n eistedd? - Are we sitting?

    Ydych chi'n eistedd? - Are you (plural) sitting? (also singular formal)

    Ydyn nhw'n eistedd? - Are they sitting?




    Ydw i'n eistedd? - (Nac) Wyt / (Ydych - formal)

    Wyt ti'n eistedd? - (Nac) Ydw

    Ydy e'n eistedd / Ydy hi'n eistedd? - (Nac) Ydy

    Ydyn ni'n eistedd? - (Nac) Ydyn / Ydych

    Ydych chi'n eistedd? - (Nac) Ydyn / (Ydw - formal)

    Ydyn nhw'n eistedd? - (Nac) Ydyn




    eistedda     eisteddwch

    For more on the imperative form (commands) go here:- Commands


    N.B. 'Wyt ti' is the familiar form of the 2nd person and should be used only when addressing close friends, family members and animals. 'Dych chi' is the polite form and should be used in all other instances.

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