This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.
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Profiad - Experience
profiad - experience profiadau - experiences n.m.
" Sut brofiad yw hi i fyny fan 'na ?"
"A dweud y gwir dwi'n teimlo fy mod i ar ben y byd "
"What's it like up there?"
"To tell the truth I feel like I'm on top of the world"
Image: ar ben y byd
"Sut brofiad yw hi...?" perhaps translates more directly as "How is the experience...?" but in common use it is an equivalent to the English phrase "What's it like...?" and is almost always translated as such.
In the sample sentence above on this page you will observe that the spelling of two words ( brofiad , ben ) differ from the spelling on the relevant Geiriadur listing page ( Profiad - Experience , Pen - Head ). Be not alarmed!
This happens because:-
"Welsh, as with all other Celtic languages, often sees changes made to the beginning of words depending on the word that precedes it, or the role it plays in the sentence. These changes are known as "mutations", of which Welsh has three distinct types. Common situations in which a mutation may occur are when a word follows a preposition, possessive, or number."
The three types of mutation are:-
The three links above will take you to further information about these commonly occurring mutations.
Most Welsh courses and teachers advise students not to worry too much about this at the outset. Fluent speakers will understand you if you forget to mutate a letter. With practice this will come naturally and there is perhaps, no need for beginning learners to make a conscious effort to apply these rules.
However, if you wish to acquaint yourself with the rules early on you could look out for the 'Mutant Alert' notice on the vocabulary pages and use these as an opportunity to refresh your knowledge by checking the above links.
Spot the Mutation: The mutation above is an example of a ........... mutation?