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Croeseiriau Cymraeg Part 3.2 (Crosswords 13-20) - Grammar - The Pluperfect
The Pluperfect Tense - Yr Amser Gorberffaith
In order to express the Pluperfect Tense in Welsh ( i.e. I, you, he/she, we, they had done something ) - we use the Imperfect tense substituting 'wedi' for 'yn'. For example:-
Roedden nhw'n cerdded - They were walking
Roedden nhw wedi cerdded - They had walked
Roeddwn i wedi I had
Roeddet ti wedi (familiar) You had
Roeddech chi wedi (formal) You had
Roedd e/hi wedi He/She had
Roedden ni wedi We had
Roedden nhw wedi They had
Replace 'yn' with 'wedi' to form the pluperfect tense. Here are some examples:-
Roeddwn i wedi cerdded i'r llyfrgell . - I had walked to the library.
Roeddet ti wedi bwydo 'r gath . - You had fed the cat.
Roeddech chi wedi gweithio ddoe . - You had worked yesterday
Roedd e wedi darllen y llyfr . - He had read the book.
Roedd hi wedi chwilio am yr allweddi . - She had looked for the keys.
Roedden ni wedi yfed yn y dafarn . - We had drunk in the pub.
Roedden nhw wedi cuddio yn y goedwig . - They had hidden in the woods.
Doeddwn i ddim wedi I hadn't
Doeddet ti ddim wedi (familiar) You hadn't
Doeddech chi ddim wedi (formal) You hadn't
Doedd e/hi ddim wedi He/She hadn't
Doedden ni ddim wedi We hadn't
Doedden nhw ddim wedi They hadn't
e.g. Doeddwn i ddim wedi cerdded - I had not walked
Oeddwn i wedi Had I?
Oeddet ti wedi (familiar) Had you?
Oeddech chi wedi (formal) Had you?
Oedd e/hi wedi Had he/she?
Oedden ni wedi Had we?
Oedden nhw wedi Had they?
e.g. Oedden nhw wedi cytuno i ddod? - Had they agreed to come?
Oeddwn / Nac oeddwn Yes I had, No I hadn't
Oeddet / Nac oeddet (familiar) Yes you had, No you hadn't
Oeddech / Nac oeddech (formal) Yes you had, No you hadn't
Oedd / Nac oedd Yes he/she had, No he/she hadn't
Oedden / Nac oedden Yes we had, No we hadn't
Oedden / Nac oedden Yes they had, No they hadn't