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Croeseiriau Cymraeg Part 3.2 (Crosswords 13-20) - Grammar - The Pluperfect

  • The Pluperfect Tense - Yr Amser Gorberffaith




    In order to express the Pluperfect Tense in Welsh ( i.e. I, you, he/she, we, they had done something ) - we use the Imperfect tense substituting 'wedi' for 'yn'. For example:-

    Roedden nhw'n cerdded - They were walking
    Roedden nhw wedi cerdded - They had walked
    ...


    Affirmative



    Roeddwn i wedi                          I had
    Roeddet ti wedi (familiar)          You had
    Roeddech chi wedi (formal)     You had
    Roedd e/hi wedi                          He/She had
    Roedden ni wedi                        We had
    Roedden nhw wedi                   They had

    ..

    Replace 'yn' with 'wedi' to form the pluperfect tense. Here are some examples:-


    Roeddwn i wedi cerdded i'r llyfrgell. - I had walked to the library.

    Roeddet ti wedi bwydo'r gath. - You had fed the cat.

    Roeddech chi wedi gweithio ddoe. - You had worked yesterday

    Roedd e wedi darllen y llyfr. - He had read the book.

    Roedd hi wedi chwilio am yr allweddi. - She had looked for the keys.

    Roedden ni wedi yfed yn y dafarn. - We had drunk in the pub.

    Roedden nhw wedi cuddio yn y goedwig. - They had hidden in the woods.

    ...


    Negative



    Doeddwn i
    ddim wedi                             I hadn't

    Doeddet ti ddim wedi  (familiar)            You hadn't
    Doeddech chi ddim wedi   (formal)      You hadn't
    Doedd e/hi ddim wedi                             He/She hadn't
    Doedden ni ddim wedi                           We hadn't
    Doedden nhw  ddim wedi                     They hadn't

    e.g. Doeddwn i ddim wedi cerdded - I had not walked
    ...


    Questions



    Oeddwn i wedi
                               Had I?

    Oeddet ti wedi (familiar)           Had you?
    Oeddech chi wedi (formal)      Had you?
    Oedd e/hi wedi                           Had he/she?
    Oedden ni wedi                         Had we?
    Oedden nhw wedi                     Had they?

    e.g. Oedden nhw wedi cytuno i ddod? - Had they agreed to come?
    ..


    Answers



    Oeddwn / Nac oeddwn
    Yes I had, No I hadn't

    Oeddet / Nac oeddet (familiar) Yes you had, No you hadn't
    Oeddech / Nac oeddech (formal) Yes you had, No you hadn't
    Oedd / Nac oedd Yes he/she had, No he/she hadn't
    Oedden / Nac oedden Yes we had, No we hadn't
    Oedden / Nac oedden Yes they had, No they hadn't




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