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Croeseiriau Cymraeg Part 3.2 (Crosswords 13-20) - Grammar - The Pluperfect

  • The Pluperfect Tense - Yr Amser Gorberffaith




    In order to express the Pluperfect Tense in Welsh ( i.e. I, you, he/she, we, they had done something ) - we use the Imperfect tense substituting 'wedi' for 'yn'. For example:-

    Roedden nhw'n cerdded - They were walking
    Roedden nhw wedi cerdded - They had walked
    ...


    Affirmative



    Roeddwn i wedi                          I had
    Roeddet ti wedi (familiar)          You had
    Roeddech chi wedi (formal)     You had
    Roedd e/hi wedi                          He/She had
    Roedden ni wedi                        We had
    Roedden nhw wedi                   They had

    ..

    Replace 'yn' with 'wedi' to form the pluperfect tense. Here are some examples:-


    Roeddwn i wedi cerdded i'r llyfrgell. - I had walked to the library.

    Roeddet ti wedi bwydo'r gath. - You had fed the cat.

    Roeddech chi wedi gweithio ddoe. - You had worked yesterday

    Roedd e wedi darllen y llyfr. - He had read the book.

    Roedd hi wedi chwilio am yr allweddi. - She had looked for the keys.

    Roedden ni wedi yfed yn y dafarn. - We had drunk in the pub.

    Roedden nhw wedi cuddio yn y goedwig. - They had hidden in the woods.

    ...


    Negative



    Doeddwn i
    ddim wedi                             I hadn't

    Doeddet ti ddim wedi  (familiar)            You hadn't
    Doeddech chi ddim wedi   (formal)      You hadn't
    Doedd e/hi ddim wedi                             He/She hadn't
    Doedden ni ddim wedi                           We hadn't
    Doedden nhw  ddim wedi                     They hadn't

    e.g. Doeddwn i ddim wedi cerdded - I had not walked
    ...


    Questions



    Oeddwn i wedi
                               Had I?

    Oeddet ti wedi (familiar)           Had you?
    Oeddech chi wedi (formal)      Had you?
    Oedd e/hi wedi                           Had he/she?
    Oedden ni wedi                         Had we?
    Oedden nhw wedi                     Had they?

    e.g. Oedden nhw wedi cytuno i ddod? - Had they agreed to come?
    ..


    Answers



    Oeddwn / Nac oeddwn
    Yes I had, No I hadn't

    Oeddet / Nac oeddet (familiar) Yes you had, No you hadn't
    Oeddech / Nac oeddech (formal) Yes you had, No you hadn't
    Oedd / Nac oedd Yes he/she had, No he/she hadn't
    Oedden / Nac oedden Yes we had, No we hadn't
    Oedden / Nac oedden Yes they had, No they hadn't


    TEST YOURSELF - CROSSWORDS

    The wordlists below include sample sentences which employ the pluperfect tense. We hope the example sentences will prove useful to you. All wordcards include soundfiles to help with pronunciation.



    merch.jpegVocabulary Crossword 3.3 The Pluperfect Tense - Yr Amser Gorberffaith

    Crossword 3.3 (Wordlist)

    Crossword 3.3

    Crossword 3.3 (Solution)

    .



    TEST YOURSELF - QUIZZES

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    gorsaf.jpgTest your knowledge of Yr Amser Gorberffaith - The Pluperfect

    Yr Amser Gorberffaith - The Pluperfect

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