This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.

If you are ready to commit to a full time course we recommend the following options:

AmeriCymraeg This is an online course with tutor John Good, which is offered in two-month terms. Go here for more information and to register: AmeriCymraeg

SSIW Want to learn quickly? Then you might want to check out the SSIW High Intensity Language Program here: SSIW

Online Welsh language course





Ask Dr Gramadeg Sqwar8.jpg


croeseiriau cymraeg.jpg

Croeseiriau Cymraeg Part 3.2 (Crosswords 13-20) - Grammar - The Pluperfect

  • The Pluperfect Tense - Yr Amser Gorberffaith

    In order to express the Pluperfect Tense in Welsh ( i.e. I, you, he/she, we, they had done something ) - we use the Imperfect tense substituting 'wedi' for 'yn'. For example:-

    Roedden nhw'n cerdded - They were walking
    Roedden nhw wedi cerdded - They had walked


    Roeddwn i wedi                           I had
    Roeddet ti wedi (familiar)          You had
    Roeddech chi wedi (formal)     You had
    Roedd e/hi wedi                          He/She had
    Roedden ni wedi                        We had
    Roedden nhw wedi                   They had


    Replace 'yn' with 'wedi' to form the pluperfect tense. Here are some examples:-

    Roeddwn i wedi cerdded i'r llyfrgell . - I had walked to the library.

    Roeddet ti wedi bwydo 'r gath . - You had fed the cat.

    Roeddech chi wedi gweithio ddoe . - You had worked yesterday

    Roedd e wedi darllen y llyfr . - He had read the book.

    Roedd hi wedi chwilio am yr allweddi . - She had looked for the keys.

    Roedden ni wedi yfed yn y dafarn . - We had drunk in the pub.

    Roedden nhw wedi cuddio yn y goedwig . - They had hidden in the woods.



    Doeddwn i
    ddim wedi                             I hadn't

    Doeddet ti ddim wedi  (familiar)            You hadn't
    Doeddech chi ddim wedi   (formal)      You hadn't
    Doedd e/hi ddim wedi                             He/She hadn't
    Doedden ni ddim  wedi                           We hadn't
    Doedden nhw    ddim wedi                     They hadn't

    e.g. Doeddwn i ddim wedi cerdded - I had not walked


    Oeddwn i wedi
                               Had I?

    Oeddet ti wedi (familiar)           Had you?
    Oeddech chi wedi (formal)      Had you?
    Oedd e/hi wedi                            Had he/she?
    Oedden ni wedi                          Had we?
    Oedden nhw wedi                      Had they?

    e.g. Oedden nhw wedi cytuno i ddod? - Had they agreed to come?


    Oeddwn / Nac oeddwn
    Yes I had, No I hadn't

    Oeddet / Nac oeddet (familiar) Yes you had, No you hadn't
    Oeddech / Nac oeddech (formal) Yes you had, No you hadn't
    Oedd / Nac oedd Yes he/she had, No he/she hadn't
    Oedden / Nac oedden Yes we had, No we hadn't
    Oedden / Nac oedden Yes they had, No they hadn't

    ... ...