This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.

If you are ready to commit to a full time course we recommend the following options:

AmeriCymraeg This is an online course with tutor John Good, which is offered in two-month terms. Go here for more information and to register: AmeriCymraeg

SSIW Want to learn quickly? Then you might want to check out the SSIW High Intensity Language Program here: SSIW

Online Welsh language course





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Sy - Is

  • Normally we would use 'mae' to express 'is' e.g.

    Mae Dai yn gyrru. - Dai is driving.

    If we want to emphasise the fact that Dai is driving we would use 'sy'. e.g.

    Dai sy'n gyrru. - It is Dai who is driving.

    We would use this form in response to a question that employs 'sy' to mean 'is' e.g. 

    Pwy sy'n gyrru? - Who is driving?

    Dai sy'n gyrru. - It is Dai who is driving.

    To sum up, we use 'sy' when asking questions and in the answers to them, if we wish to stress or empahasise the subject of the enquiry or response.

    N.B.  sy'n is a contraction of sydd yn and can be used interchangeably with the full form.