This resource is provided by AmeriCymru and is intended for Welsh learners who are not yet ready to commit to a full time course. With Croeseiriau Cymraeg you can devise your own schedule and learn at your own pace. Before you start please go to this page: Croeseiriau Cymraeg and read the 'Introduction' and 'How to Use' sections.

If you are ready to commit to a full time course we recommend the following options:

AmeriCymraeg This is an online course with tutor John Good, which is offered in two-month terms. Go here for more information and to register: AmeriCymraeg

SSIW Want to learn quickly? Then you might want to check out the SSIW High Intensity Language Program here: SSIW

Online Welsh language course





Ask Dr Gramadeg Sqwar8.jpg


croeseiriau cymraeg.jpg

Gan - Since, With, By, From

  • gan - since, as, with, by, from  ( conjunctions / cysyllteiriau  )

    sample sentence:

    "Ydych chi'n chwilio am rhywbeth ?"
    "Ydw, dwi eisiau prynu copi o Gangsters yn y Glaw gan Pegi Talfryn."

    "Are you looking for something?"
    "Yes, I want to buy a copy of 'Gangsters in the Rain' by Pegi Talfryn."

    Image: Siop Lyfrau

    Gan is a preposition meaning 'with, by, from' and a conjunction meaning 'since, as'. It is also used to mean 'to have' in north Wales. Gyda is used for the same purpose in the south.  When used in this way it is conjugated as follows:-

    I have             gen i
    you have        gen ti
    you have        gynnoch chi
    he has            ganddo/gynno fo/fe
    she has          ganddi/gynno hi
    we have         gynnon ni
    they have       ganddyn nhw

    e.g. Mae gynno hi gath du. = She has a black cat. ( literally: "there is by her a black cat")

    Following 'gan' the possessed noun is affected by lenition .