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Gan - Since, With, By, From
gan - since, as, with, by, from ( conjunctions / cysyllteiriau )
"Ydych chi'n chwilio am rhywbeth ?"
"Ydw, dwi eisiau prynu copi o Gangsters yn y Glaw gan Pegi Talfryn."
"Are you looking for something?"
"Yes, I want to buy a copy of 'Gangsters in the Rain' by Pegi Talfryn."
Image: Siop Lyfrau
Gan is a preposition meaning 'with, by, from' and a conjunction meaning 'since, as'. It is also used to mean 'to have' in north Wales. Gyda is used for the same purpose in the south. When used in this way it is conjugated as follows:-
I have gen i
you have gen ti
you have gynnoch chi
he has ganddo/gynno fo/fe
she has ganddi/gynno hi
we have gynnon ni
they have ganddyn nhw
e.g. Mae gynno hi gath du. = She has a black cat. ( literally: "there is by her a black cat")
Following 'gan' the possessed noun is affected by lenition .